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Science class online
Chemistry and physics lessons

# Electricity

Free online electricity lessons for elementary school,  middle school and high school. Science class Chemistry Electricity Optics Mechanics Electricity lessons Electrical components -Two-terminal electronic components - Basic electrical components - Diodes - What's a resistor ? - How to determine a resistor value ? - Resistors effects in circuits - How to use a resistor ? - Characteristic curve of a resistor How to build simple circuits and draw diagrams - How to build a basic electrical circuit - How to draw diagrams of electric circuits The electric current - Conductors and insulators - Direction of electric current in a circuit - The dangers of electricity - Current intensity - units how to measure current ? The Voltage - The voltage and its units - How to measure a voltage ? - Voltage in open and closed circuits - Rated current and voltage for a lamp Alternating voltage and current - Alternating currents effects on led - What are alternating current and voltage ? - Periodic alternating voltage and its properties - Oscilloscope - Oscillogram - Frequency - Measuring RMS voltage with a voltmeter Serie circuits - What's a serie circuit ? - Series circuit properties - Short circuit in  series circuit - Current law in series - circuits - Voltage law in series circuits Parallel circuits - What's a parallel circuit ? - Some parallel circuits properties - Short circuits in parallel circuits - Nodes and branches in parallel circuits - Current laws in parallel circuits - Voltage laws in parallel circuits Laws of electricity - Ohm's law - Current laws in series circuits - Voltage laws in series circuits - Current laws in parallel circuits - Voltage laws in parallel circuits Generating electricity - Voltage for coil wires What is an alternator ? - Alternating currents and voltages - Generating electricity in power plants Electric power and energy - Electric power and power rating - Electric power consumption by an electrical device - Relationship between - Electric power and energy

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## Generating electricity

### Voltage and electric coil

 1) What is an electric coil ? An electric coil is an electric component that consisting of a circular ( or cylindrical ) winding of electric wire. 2) Voltage across an insulated electric coil A voltmeter measures voltage across an insulated coil (outside an electrical circuit): voltage is zero. 3) Voltage across an electric coil near a stationary magnet The voltage across an electric coil located close to a stationnary magnet remains zero. 4) Voltage across an electric coil near a moving magnet As soon as the magnet is moved, a voltage appears across the coil but the voltage returns to zero when the magnet stops. This voltage is either positive or negative: - The sign of the voltage depends on whether the magnet is moving towards or away from the coil. - The sign of the voltage also depends on the magnetic pole of the magnet facing the coil. ______________________________________ ______________________________________
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